(Locator); (Russia Tourist Map)...Tyumen, a city of 600 000 people, is located in Western Siberia. Originally Tyumen was called Chimgi-Tura. It means "Ten thousand people" in Mongolian Language. For a long time Chimgi-Tura was the capital of Tyumen Khanate of the Golden Horde. As a Russian city, Tyumen was established in 1586, when the first military mission sponsored by Russian Czar and led by Ermak seized the city. Since that time Tyumen has been known as the "gateway to Siberia".Tyumen is a walking city. There are two main streets in the center: Respubliki and Lenina. The friendly people here will be glad to help if you need directions. Today's Tyumen is a city of contrast. Amongst wooden houses and old churches you will see the modern glass buildings. Cultural life is supported by the theaters, several cinemas, museums, which will catch your attention. Special attention must be given to the most controversial figure in Russian history - Grigori Rasputin. His house can be visited in village Pokrovskoe near Tyumen city. It is believed that "the devil monk" was born sometime between 1864 and 1872. During his twenties, Rasputin supposedly became a holy man after a long religious conversation with one of his superiors. He lived off the charities of the people who admired him for his asceticism. It is said that one time Rasputin accurately predicted a three month drought. This randy mystic from Siberia arrived in St. Petersburg in 1911 and within a few years had become one of the most influential men in government circles.