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The city of Pereslavl-Zalessky ("Pereslavl") is located halfway between Moscow and Yaroslavl. It is famous both for its history and for the beautiful and typically Russian views and surroundings. Pereslavl is located on the beach of the huge Pleshcheevo lake and has a small river running through it. Both the river with the trees on its banks, and the Russian-style old houses are very famous amongst the numerous painters coming from Moscow.
Since its founding in the 12th century, Pereslavl's central location caused it to be constantly attacked by invaders. The city had many fortifications, including a big “rampart” with a wall on top of it. You can see this rampart surrounding the city center even today.
The oldest building in Pereslavl-Zalessky is Spaso-Preobrazhensky Sobor (Savior-Transconfiguration Cathedral), located in the heart of Pereslavl. It was built between 1152-1157, when Pereslavl was founded. The cathedral has very simple and light form. Legend says that the most famous Russian military leader, duke Alexander Nevsky, was born here. His monument is now in front of the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Sobor.
There are quite a few old monasteries in Pereslavl. On the left side of the road from Moscow to Yaroslavl you will find Goritsky Monastery, which was founded in the 12th century. Now this complex houses history, architecture and art museums.
Near the lake's beach to the right of the city is the famous Blue Stone. Scientists examined the stone and could not classify it. It came from space, they say. People believe that Blue Stone has a magic healing power, so they keep coming to touch it. Nearby there are also the magic “Varvara Springs”. People come here to drink water, claiming that they feel much better.
A trip by the old-fashioned long boat (the type only local fishermen make and use to boat around the lake) is highly recommended. It will take you to most of the places of interest around Pereslavl-Zalessky, and at the same time you’ll feel the atmosphere of the old Russian way of living.