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The Uvs Lake is a large, shallow and very saline lake. The importance of it is directly connected to the geographic location. The Lake and its extensive basin (1,068,853 hectares) are lying right at the crossroad of migration routes of birds from neighboring Central Asia and Siberia. The area is made up of 12 clusters representing the major biomes of eastern Eurasia. The steppe ecosystem supports a rich diversity of birds and the desert is home to a number of rare gerbil, jerboas and the marbled polecat. The mountains are important refuges for the globally endangered snow leopard, mountain sheep (argali) and the Asiatic ibex.