About the size of Great Britain, the Kyrgyz Republic or Kyrgyzstan is the country of Nomadic traditions and Islamic values. The main treasure of Kyrgyzstan is its mountains, which soar to heights of more than 20,000 feet. This is why, Kyrgyzstan is frequently referred to as the “Switzerland of the Central Asia.” The geographical position of the country, right next to the Tian Shan, Pamir and Alay Mountain Ranges, the ancient Silk Road, coupled with its history and traditional culture are quiet inviting. The population of Kyrgyzstan is relatively small, just about 5 million people with main ethnic groups represented by Kyrgyz (~ % 62), Russians (~ %14) and Uzbeks (~ %14). The country is land-locked and shares borders with Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. About 93% of its surface is covered by often arid mountains, which separate its demographic and economic centers: the Chui Valley in the North, and the Ferghana Valley in the South. The country’s mountainous landscape with alpine lakes and mountain rivers attract tourists interested in both, active and theme travel. In high mountain valleys, visitors enjoy mountain climbing, white-water rafting, hiking and overnight stays in traditional dwellings called “yurts.” The Lake Issyk-Kul area, which is believed to be the second largest alpine lake in the world, offers unique opportunities for horseback riding, water sports, and recreational activities.