Kazakhstan is the largest country in Central Asia with population close to 15 million. It shares borders with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The largest ethnic groups of Kazakhstan are represented by Kazakhs (~ %46) and Russians (~ %35). Among other sizable ethnic groups are Ukrainians, German descends, Uzbeks, Tatars and Uighur. There are 14 regions (provinces) in Kazakhstan. The country's capital is Astana city, which was recently relocated from Almaty city. Majority of the Northern and Central Kazakhstan are deserts, semi-deserts and steppes. The southern part is mountainous with peaks reaching 6995 meters (Khan Taniry Peak). Among largest water reservoirs, most of which are salty, are the Caspian Sea, Aral sea, Balkhash and Zaysan Lakes supported by Irtysh, Ishim, Syr-Darya, and Ural Rivers, which are the key sources for fresh water. Culturally, Kazakhstan is a widely diverse Islamic society with strong features of a clan ruling. Kazakhs became a recognizable group in the mid-fifteenth century, when several clan leaders broke away from their Uzbek leader to seek their own territory. The first Kazak leader was Khan Kasym (1511-23), who united the Kazak tribes into one people under Genghis Khan Empire. Today's Kazakhstan main tourist attractions are the Silk Road sites; Nomadic life experience; Baikonur Cosmodrome - the USSR’s first and Russia’s current space center; Kazakh Falconry; Climbing and Hiking; and the Hospitality of local people.